The capitals of four states of the country recorded the highest decline this year. temperature on Wednesday, while the maximum temperature reached 41.8C (107.2F) in Cuiabá, in central-western Brazil.
there is Lu The downpour hit 19 of Brazil’s 26 states as well as the capital of Brasilia on Thursday, according to the National Institute of Meteorology, reducing humidity in the country that is home to the Amazon tropical rainforest.
Residents of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Brazil’s two most populous cities, also came under the grip of heat wave. In Rio, temperatures reached 38.7C (101.7F) on Thursday – the city’s second hottest day of 2023.
As air humidity dropped below 20 percent in the northeastern states of Bahia and Piaui, officials said the government advised people to avoid physical activity during the hottest times of the day and stay indoors.
Last month, Brazil experienced its warmest July since official measurements began in 1961, marking a global record, with an average temperature of 23 C (73.4 F), in weeks when the Southern Hemisphere was at its coldest. Must feel the temperature.
Other Latin American countries are also breaking or equaling extreme heat records, with Bolivia equaling the record for the highest winter temperature ever recorded in South America as the mercury in Villamontes hit 45C on Tuesday had reached
The mid-winter heat is puzzling scientists and climatologists.
Climatologist Maximiliano Herrera said South America’s scorching heat represented “one of the most extreme events the world has ever seen” and it was “rewriting everything”. [climatic] Books”.
Jose Marengo, climatologist at the National Disaster Monitoring Center, explained that warm days during winter are usually caused by a high-pressure anomaly that forms a dome over a portion of the states, including the southeast and southern Amazon.
“With clear skies and abundant sunlight, the ground heats up, triggering a process that creates a bubble of warm air that prevents moisture penetration,” he told The Associated Press.
climate crisis According to Renata Libonati, a researcher at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, the El Niño phenomenon has also exacerbated high temperatures and dry weather conditions.
All over the world, temperature records have been broken this year, with large parts of the Northern Hemisphere facing deadly heatwaves this summer. “virtually impossible” without a human-induced climate crisis.,
Additional reporting by agencies